Turning a New Page: Learn to Differentiate Between These 4 Types of Divorce

Deciding to proceed with a divorce is a major decision. It requires a lot of thought and consideration, but once that decision has been made research needs to be done. When beginning that research, it is helpful to know that a divorce is also referred to as a dissolution of marriage. These four types of divorce will bring you more information so you can choose the one that pertains to your specific situation.

1. No-Fault Divorce

California was the first state to pass a law stating that there could be no-fault divorces . Now a majority of the states have no-fault divorce laws. This means that a divorce can be granted for even the simplest of terms, such as incompatibility or if it is irreconcilable. With the no-fault divorce laws in place, there is no need for an explanation as to why a couple would like to get a divorce. It is supposed to be a simple process, but it can also end up being the opposite because one party may want to hold the other party responsible for any wrongdoings.

2. Simplified Divorce

Simplified divorce is the path to take for those couples who have no children and no financial ties with each other. Most couples who file for a simplified divorce also have not been married for a long period of time. These divorces are usually less expensive and are granted quicker, typically within 30 days of filing the paperwork. It is important to keep in mind that each state may have slightly different laws in regards to a simplified divorce so thorough research is recommended before filing for this type of divorce.

3. Uncontested Divorce

The uncontested divorce process can be done with a family law attorney and it involves both parties coming to a mutual agreement before even coming before a judge. The agreement will include any separation of finances, property, or anything involving children. This paperwork and the discussions are all completed before filing for the divorce, so hearings and settlement negotiations are not necessary. The process can go rather quickly due to each party already agreeing to terms.

4. Limited Divorce

A limited divorce gives couples more time to discuss and divide their assets. This divorce process is not allowed in some states because it is very similar to that of a legal separation. Under a limited divorce, each party is required to live at different locations and they are not allowed to have sexual relations with each other or anyone else. A limited divorce is granted in order for couples to come to an agreement on finances, property, alimony, and custody over the children.

With these brief overviews of four types of divorce, you will have a starting point for when you begin to do more research on your own. There is a lot more information out there that pertains to each of these types of divorces. Each bit of information will bring you closer to deciding which type of divorce is going to be best for you and the new life you will embark on once it is filed and said and done.

The Subtleties Reveal the Big Picture: 5 Symptoms to Be on the Lookout for If You Want to Save Your Elders from Abuse

We can’t always keep an eye on our elderly loved ones. Sometimes we leave them in the care of other relatives or take them to a nursing home. We hope that they will receive the best of care but sometimes they don’t. Sometimes they are neglected or physically, sexually, psychologically or even financially abused. Statistics from nationalhomeabuseguide.org show that in excess of 40 percent of nursing home residents have reported abuse.

If an elderly relative reports abuse, you should consult an attorney who handles elderly abuse claims . However, like many victims, elderly people are often reluctant to speak up. That’s why you need to know the signs of abuse so you can get help for your relative when necessary. Let’s go into more detail about the varying types of elder abuse and their signs.

Physical abuse

Physical abuse involves any behavior that causes bodily harm. It includes kicking, hitting or burning the individual or tying them to their bed or wheelchair. If your elderly loved one has been physically abused, you may notice visible injuries. You should look out for burns, cuts or unexplained bleeding, sprains or fractures and recurring injuries. The individual may refuse to see a doctor about these issues.

Sexual abuse

Sexual abuse refers to unwanted sexual contact with another person. The perpetrator can be a nursing home worker, visitor or even another patient. It includes inappropriate touching, rape and forcing the elderly person to watch pornography. You should look out for torn or bloody underwear, bruising around the genitals, sexually transmitted diseases and bleeding from the vagina or anus.

Psychological abuse

Psychological abuse hurts an individual emotionally. It may occur along with physical abuse. It involves threats, yelling or calling the person names. It can also include ignoring the individual, controlling them or withholding their personal items. The symptoms of psychological abuse may include withdrawal or fright, sudden changes in behavior, depression, loss of interest and trouble sleeping.

Financial abuse

Financial abuse involves misuse of the individual’s money or property. It includes forging their signature, using their credit or debit cards without their permission or forcing them to change their will. Over-charging for a service or charging for a service which wasn’t rendered is also considered financial abuse. Signs include unexplained withdrawals from a bank account, a new friend who the individual seems to be giving money, signatures that seem to be forged and sudden changes in wills or power of attorney.

Neglect

Neglect is when a caregiver doesn’t take care of an older person’s needs. They may not give them enough food or water. They may not ensure they are warm, dry and taking their medication. Abandoning an elderly individual completely is also considered neglect. Symptoms include dirty clothing and matted hair, an illness that isn’t treated, sudden weight loss and inadequate aids likes glasses, dentures or hearing aids.

If you notice any of these signs, ask your elderly relative gently if anything is wrong. Consult an attorney who handles elder abuse or call Adult Protective Services . You can’t change what has already happened but you can protect them from future abuse.

A Culture of Dialogue: The Psychology Behind Family Disputes and How to Resolve Them

Some families are toxic. They pass poisonous habits, attitudes, and values onto others in the family, business, or other relationships. Toxic personalities injure, weaken, and destroy others. And, such families need focused and long-term professional help.

But, family disputes are not necessarily toxic. Most family disputes are common and natural. Just think of those with adolescents in the house! Most family disputes are healthy. As Psychology Today notes, “When you come to think of it, an essential part of marriage is quickly resolving the endless difference of opinion about everything from decorating to how to manage the children.”

Of course, the rate of divorce proves how difficult it can be to resolve family conflicts. So, it’s important to understand the psychology of family disputes and how to resolve them.

A culture of dialogue

Typical family disputes lead to behavioral changes like anger, avoidance, jealousy, and passive/aggressive responses. If they worsen, family members may pursue substance abuse or develop anxiety, depression, or other psychological disorders. And, the circumstances and conditions spread their influence to other family members.

Faced with family disputes, families should turn to counseling sooner than later because these problems do not get better with age. A solution to these negative behaviors and seemingly impossible resolution lies in advice from a professional mediator.

Mediation calls on a neutral mediator to assist clients in finding unique resolutions to their own distinct conflicts. And, it’s this advice that creates a culture of dialogue.

The mediator is trained to facilitate discussion and collaboration among the parties to the family disputes to help them discover and craft the best possible resolution of the conflict. If the dispute has approached litigation, the respective lawyers may participate. But, the mediator keeps the parties to the dispute involved in a culture of dialogue in a process that makes them part of the solution as well.

Because the disputants craft the outcome, it is more satisfying than legal settlement.

How to resolve family disputes

Perhaps, the ideal is to create a family environment in which disputes don’t happen or members resolve their own problems. For instance, the Dalai Lama is credited with creating the idea of “a culture of dialogue.” He taught, “A culture of dialogue is one in which people habitually gather together to explore their lives, their differences, their dreams. Every facet of such a culture would contribute to people learning together, building healthy relationships with each other and the natural world, and co-creating better prospects for their shared future.”

Sadly, most family disputes start and end without such sentiments. However, a professional mediator is trained and experienced in structuring, facilitating, and monitoring the same process. Mediation helps people explore their lives and differences. It encourages them to build healthy relationships. And, they do it by co-creating better prospects.

The lesson learned is, before you let a family dispute reach a violent stage, a hostile divorce, or estrangement from your children, it makes sense to seek the advice of a qualified mediator committed to resolving the situation that created the tension and to structure a solution with the full participation of the parties. Good lawyers will suggest the mediation route even if it avoids divorce or other final but emotionally costly solutions.

Protecting the Elderly: 4 Types of Nursing Home Abuse and How to Spot It

The statistics on nursing home abuse in the US are alarming. According to nationalhomeabuseguide.org, in excess of 40 percent of nursing home residents have reported abuse. Research from 2010 shows that up to half of all nursing home workers admitted to abusing or neglecting patients. It must be noted that not every case gets reported.

According to the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), elder abuse is “any abuse and neglect of persons age 60 and older by a caregiver or another person in a relationship involving an expectation of trust.” Experts, such as this attorney, will tell you to seek legal help if you believe a loved one has been a victim of nursing home abuse.

This article will describe four types of elder abuse: physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional/psychological abuse and neglect. By the end, you’ll know the signs of each type and what you should do if you suspect any kind of abuse.

Physical abuse

This is when elderly patients suffer physical injury, pain or impairment because of bad treatment or neglect. This type of abuse is common and it can lead to life-threatening injuries. Nursing home patients may even die. The abuser is believed to be most often a nursing home employee. However, sometimes it’s a visitor or even another resident. Physical abuse can be active such as hitting or kicking but it can also include injuries caused by neglect and improper use of restraints. Signs include unexplained injuries, bruises, malnutrition, and dehydration.

Sexual abuse

This is unwanted physical and sexual contact with an elderly person. It includes sexual contact with a patient who is disoriented or otherwise unable to give consent. Women are more likely to become victims of elder sexual abuse. This type of abuse includes sexual assault and battery, rape, forced nudity and sexual photography. Signs include STDs and infections, bruises in the genital area or breasts, vaginal bleeding, anxiety, and fear around the caregiver.

Emotional abuse

This is the most difficult type of abuse to measure or prove. It doesn’t leave physical evidence and may not always be witnessed. Emotional abuse is when someone acts in a way that causes an elderly person emotional pain and suffering. It can be both verbal and non-verbal and includes yelling, making threats, withdrawing affection and taking away personal items. Patients treated in this way may become fearful or withdrawn or experience changes in behavior.

Neglect

This is negligence on the part of the nursing home to give proper care. Examples include isolation, malnutrition, falls and improper medication management. Family members who visit the nursing home will likely see the signs. They include an unclean or unsafe environment, sudden weight loss and bruising. You may also see a staff member who appears discontent or disinterested.

What to do when you suspect abuse

One of the reasons abuse often goes unreported is that loved ones don’t know what to do when they suspect something is wrong. One option is to visit the National Center on Elder Abuse site for information on who should be contacted in your state. You can talk to your loved one’s doctor or find out if there’s a social worker assigned to your area. Don’t be afraid to call 911 if the situation is urgent and you believe the elderly person’s life is in danger. Once you have made a report, contact a personal injury attorney about you should proceed.

Protecting Your Family:  What Constitutes Elder Abuse and How You Can Help be Proactive in a Case

Elder abuse takes place more often than what many people imagine. In essence, this is far more than just abuse – it’s an issue of misplaced trust and heartbreak. Due to their declining health, the elderly are more vulnerable to being taken advantage of, so it’s important to keep a watchful eye on them to ensure that everything is all right. The following strategies will enable you to watch for signs of abuse as well as play an active role in elder abuse prevention:

Monitor their mental health

A single mood swing probably doesn’t signify a thing, but if they feel emotionless and unresponsive, perhaps even socially withdrawn, something more sinister might be going on and elder abuse is not out of the question.

Check for signs of financial exploitation

This is hard to do, since there aren’t really any telltale signs of it. What you can do, however, is get in touch with a lawyer who will establish all the preventative measures.

Notice their personal hygiene

Does it feel like they’re neglected? As it often happens, elder abuse victimsoften show signs of poor or improper personal hygiene. This might indicate unsanitary conditions of the nursing home they’re living in.

Visit them often

If you can’t visit the nursing home that often, make sure that you’re going to be in touch with them on a regular basis. All in all, the goal is to check up on them every so often to ensure they’re properly taken care of and that they’re not neglected in any way.

Make a background check if someone is suspicious

Sometimes, upon visiting the nursing home, a staff member will catch your eye. For whatever reason that might be, your internal alarm bells will start ringing, and you won’t be able to shake off the feeling that something might not be quite in order. Should this happen to you, make a criminal background check and see if that person was ever arrested or involved in a crime.

Know your rights and act on them

Remaining passive is just about the worst thing you can do if you suspect something might be going on. As soon as you notice any signs that suggest anything of the like (or if you’ve identified one of the caregivers as fraudulent or abusive), do not wait around in hopes that the problem will go away on its own. Rather, you should be playing an active role an get in touch with an attorney who will help guide you.

Take them in if need be

If the circumstances allow for it, it might be a good idea to take care of the elderly person you love for for the time being, or at least until things get cleared up. In case you’re doing this based on suspicion alone, monitor if their condition has improved as a result of you taking them in and caring for them.

Conclusion

It cannot be stressed enough how important it is to take a proactive approach in caring for a loved one’s wellbeing, no matter where they are. By being on your guard and remaining observant at all times, you can spot and prevent a disaster before it gets out of hand.